In a move to amend the Land Acquisition Act of 2013, Union Cabinet in December 2014, had passed an ordinance which would include five new categories of project. These projects include defense, rural infrastructures and industrial corridors and would not require any form of prior consent from the affected families or Social Impact Assessment (SIA). 13 legislations of the Act in the compensation, rehabilitation and resettlements provisions were also included which were previously exempted.
Summarizing the ordinances, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had said that it was an attempt to achieve a balance with higher compensation still given importance but the rigors of the procedure of would be eased in relation to the five defined projects. Adding to these 5 projects, there are various developments to be made such as rural infrastructure including rural electrification, affordable housing and housing for the poor, industrial corridors as well as infrastructures and the inclusion of public private partnerships where the ownership lays with the government.
However, all these amendments were to be enacted from 1st Jan 2015, but since it has not been passed by Rajya Sabha, it is still lingering with many voices to change it accordingly. Some high authorities have criticized it while some have supported it making it a confused issue. On the whole National development should not become a political agenda. Different authorities should understand that progress would only mean betterment of the country. Therefore, the necessary small amendments should be passed as soon as possible by the concerned authorities. We can wait for elections but not for development.